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Browsing files

This article will help you understand how to browse your files on a Mac. Don't panic, it's not very complicated.

Understanding it

Your hard drive contains a huge amount of files. These files can be sorted into folders and within these folders there can be even more folders. This makes it easier to navigate through all the files on your hard drive. This article will teach you how to navigate through the folders and files on your Mac.

Get started

To get started click the "Macintosh HD" icon on your desktop. A new window will appear.

This is called a Finder window.

This is called a Finder window. The Finder window allows you to explore the contents of your hard drive.

The Finder window – how it works

It's quite easy to understand how to use a finder window. We'll now explain the most basic things about it.

Resize it!

If you wish to resize a Finder window, just drag (keep mouse button pressed down) the handle in the lower right corner.

To resize a window, just drag the handle in the lower right corner.

Change viewing options

If you wish to change the way things are viewed inside a Finder window, there are a few buttons you should know about.

Click these buttons in order to change the way the contents are shown inside a Finder window.

Inside your hard drive

The hard drive of a brand new Mac contains four folders (click Macintosh HD to view them):

The four folders inside Macintosh HD: Applications, Library, System and Users.

Applications

The Applications folder contains all your applications.

Library and System

The two folders called Library and System are not very interesting for beginners. They contain stuff that your Mac needs in order to work properly.

Users

The Users folder contains one folder for each user plus a Shared folder where the users can put stuff that they want all the users of the computer to have access to.

The folder associated with the user currently logged in (you) looks a bit different. Instead of looking like a folder, it looks like a house. This folder is called your Home folder.

Home folder

The Home folder is great. Every user on a Mac has one. It allows you to organize your stuff in a smart and easy way.

When you click your Home folder, you will see a lot of different folders. We'll now explain what they do.

The eight folders inside your Home folder: Desktop, Documents, Library, Movies, Music, Pictures, Public, Sites.

Desktop

Within your Home folder there is a folder called Desktop. It is an exact reflection of your real desktop. All files in that folder are visible on your real desktop.

Movies

Put your movies in this folder. What else needs to be said?

Public

If you want to share a file with another user, just put it in the Public folder and he/she can access it (your other folders can't be accessed by other users).

Documents

Put your documents in this folder. Word documents, Excel documents, Pages documents – this is the right folder for them!

Music

This is the place where music will be put. However, when you start iTunes it will automatically create a sub-folder called "iTunes" in the Music folder. If you wish to add songs to iTunes, just drag them to the iTunes icon and they will automatically be organized into the iTunes folder.

Sites

If you like to create web pages, put them here. Also, if you save web pages using your web browser, you might want to put them in the Sites folder.

Library

The Library folder is one of those geeky ones. The Library folder inside Macintosh HD contains stuff for the whole computer, while the Library folder inside your Home folder contains stuff unique for your user account. Well, never mind, you probably won't need to touch this folder for a long time.

Pictures

This is the folder where you should put your images. If you use iPhoto in order to organize your photos, iPhoto will automatically create a folder called "iPhoto" inside your Pictures folder. If you wish to add images to iPhoto, just drag them to the iPhoto icon and they will automatically be organized into the iPhoto folder so you don't have to do it yourself.

Search

Every Finder window has a search field. Just type somthing and your search will be performed.

Every Finder window has a search field.

To read more about it, read our article about Spotlight.

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Mårten Björk, author

About the Author

This article was written by Mårten Björk, the creator of this site.

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Thanks so much. Good, clear article. I'm a recent convert from a PC and the entire previous month has been traumatic trying to deal with a plague of v...

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5 comments on this article

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sheri2008-05-09

Thank you for the details. I always wonder what all the folders were for and where they are at.


shirlchris2009-01-30

What do you think?


shirlchris2009-01-30

What do you think?


shirlchris2009-01-30

What do you think?


shirlchris2009-01-30 

Thanks so much. Good, clear article. I'm a recent convert from a PC and the entire previous month has been traumatic trying to deal with a plague of viruses. My new IMac, like our new President Obama, has renewed my hope for the future.


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